Released in 1963, 55 días en Pekín is a historical epic film that depicts the Boxer Rebellion in China. The film was directed by Nicholas Ray and produced by Samuel Bronston, who was known for producing large-scale historical films. The movie starred Charlton Heston, Ava Gardner, and David Niven in leading roles. The film was shot in Spain and was one of the most expensive films made at that time. It was also a critical and commercial success.
The movie is set in 1900 when a group of Chinese rebels, known as the Boxers, rebelled against the Western powers and the Chinese government. The Boxers were against the influence of the Western powers and their Christian missionaries. The film depicts the siege of the foreign legations in Beijing, where the Western powers and the Chinese government were trapped for 55 days. The film shows the bravery of the Western powers and their allies, who fought against the Boxers and the Chinese government.
Charlton Heston played the role of Maj. Matt Lewis, who was the leader of the American troops. Ava Gardner played the role of Baroness Natalie Ivanoff, a Russian aristocrat. David Niven played the role of Sir Arthur Robertson, the British ambassador to China. Other notable characters include Inspector General Shiba (Toshirō Mifune), a Japanese diplomat, and Prince Tuan (Robert Helpmann), the leader of the Boxers.
The film was shot on a grand scale, with a budget of around $16 million. The film was shot in Spain, where the filmmakers recreated the Forbidden City and other parts of Beijing. The film used thousands of extras and had a crew of over 2,000 people. The film also used advanced special effects for its time, including explosions and large-scale battle scenes.
The film was a critical and commercial success. It was nominated for several Academy Awards, including Best Art Direction, Best Cinematography, and Best Costume Design. The film also won the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture - Drama. The film was praised for its historical accuracy and attention to detail.
55 días en Pekín is considered a masterpiece of historical cinema. The film is still highly regarded for its grand scale and its attention to detail. The film also helped to establish the career of director Nicholas Ray, who was known for his innovative approach to filmmaking. The film also helped to establish Samuel Bronston as a producer of large-scale historical films. The film has influenced many other historical films, including Gladiator and Braveheart.
In conclusion, 55 días en Pekín is a historical masterpiece that depicts the Boxer Rebellion in China. The film is a grand spectacle that uses advanced special effects and a large cast to recreate the siege of the foreign legations in Beijing. The film is still highly regarded for its historical accuracy and attention to detail. The film is a must-watch for anyone interested in historical cinema or the history of China.